End stage liver disease, is considered as one of the top ten reasons for deaths in America for age groups 25 to 64, when it is diagnosed in its advanced stage. This condition is a result of constant liver damage or infections to liver. Even though this reason occupies seventh place in, reasons for death, absence or delay in diagnosis, causes variety of liver diseases and 10% of deaths in America. There are many causes for development of this disease, but symptoms do not show up, until the disease has spread to a considerable level or damaged liver to a great extent. Sometimes, a liver transplant is the only way to, save a patient’s life. Every adult, with poor lifestyle, illness history pertaining to liver, toxic build up due to drug overdose, infections like Hepatitis C, B or A and, few other individual illness, is known to have suffered with, end stage liver disease.
Go for Regular Check Ups
Severe or chronic fatigue is a symptom, which should make a person, go for diagnosis tests, for liver damage or infection. Monitoring at regular intervals helps, one diagnose variety of diseases, including end stage liver disease. Liver cells are able to regenerate themselves when the damage is minute, and eventually resume normal functioning, after temporary treatment and diet changes. People who had suffered Hepatitis infections or Jaundice, should discuss about liver damage and diagnosis methods with their hepatologist. Chronic lever damage is a prime reason for development of end stage liver disease. History of gastrointestinal diseases in a person, should be diagnosed and treated by a hepatologist and followed up with liver diagnose tests.
Persistent jaundice, fluid accumulation, severe nausea, no appetite, anomaly in visible blood vessels on skin and severe symptoms due to non-functioning of liver, indicate severity of disease. As liver helps purify blood, extract nutrients and, metabolize food and medications consumed, its non-functioning may have serious consequences, all of which may be an indication to, end stage liver disease. A thorough diagnose of, damage and stage in which a liver disease has advanced, helps. This may be used to determine, the probability of saving a person’s life with an appropriate treatment. Stages where, liver is able to, recoup from the damage are treated with medications and lifestyle changes. Final stage of end stage liver disease will have meager chances of survival unless the patient undergoes a liver transplant.
If the cause of this disease is Hepatitis C virus, medications can only prevent further damage but suffered damage may never be, reversed. Cirrhosis is the name given to final stage of this condition, and is the last, among top ten causes of deaths in America. Once the disease enters this stage, patient needs constant medical attention at a hospital center. Regular tests of blood, metabolic and electrolytic profile of this person is needed. People who, do not have any history of liver illness, but leading bad lifestyle with alcohol and drug abuse, are prone to suffer liver abnormalities and diseases such as end stage liver disease.
An infection in the liver may become very fatal towards the end. The major cause of liver failure is hepatitis B or hepatitis C which is responsible for the damage in the liver functioning. Liver being the largest organ of the body is responsible for the secretion of bile and the excess intake of alcohol may be responsible for reducing the bile secretion thereby leading to hepatitis B. liver damage may also result in death if not taken proper care of.
Signs of failure
The main symptom of end stage liver disease failure is increased mood swings. A person may have a change in his behavior and he may tend to behave differently in different situations. There are also chances of nausea and drowsiness. The person may start feeling drowsy and he may also feel restless. He may not be able to stay at one place for long and may have a tendency to go here and there. He my keep yawning and sometimes the most fatal of all is getting into coma. A person in the last stage of the disease may get into coma and may never wake up again. Anorexia and abdominal pain are some of the most common symptoms of liver failure. The person suffering can also have jaundice in the later stage. He may start feeling uncomfortable because of an itchy skin and may also start suffering from diarrhea. The enlarged liver may usually cause discomfort to the patient thus increasing his anxiety and making him impatient.
Causes and treatment
The main causes of liver failure are enlargement of the liver because of excess intake of alcohol. Liver cancer and hepatitis B is also a major cause of the liver failure. People may also start suffering from jaundice when the liver does not start functioning properly. Excess intake of alcohol is one of the major causes of liver damage. People who are into the habit of drinking can suffer from diseases like liver cancer and excess enlargement of the liver. There are a number of ways by which the liver diseases can be treated in the early stage. Firstly regular check up with the doctor is mandatory and there must be a proper supply of nutrition to the body. The person who is an alcohol addict must give up alcohol and then start working out on curing himself. Regular exercises are also helpful in reducing the impact of a damaged liver in the early stages. However it becomes difficult to treat liver damage in the last stage because by that time the organ fails to function properly and there is not much way by which a person can fight this and survive. The diet is very important in case of the last stage liver failure. There must be proper supply of vitamins and minerals to the body and regular intake of water as well to keep the condition as stable as possible. There are many organization which offer advise with respect to curing of liver diseases and they may consulted as well.